Black holes are without a doubt one of the most spectacular creations in the universe; nonetheless, they continue to baffle scientists and the general public’s comprehension of how the laws of physics are applied.
But despite the fact that humans have made significant strides in their comprehension of black holes and the general workings of the universe, we have only just reached the point where we have amassed sufficient information to develop computer models of the many astronomical occurrences.
According to Claude-Andre Faucher-Giguere, a physicist at Northwestern University and the lead author of a new paper that has simulated a black hole, “The reason supermassive black holes are so difficult to explain is that forming them requires cramming a huge amount of matter into a tiny space.” This statement was made in reference to the fact that forming black holes requires cramming a large amount of matter into a relatively small space.
Adding, “How does the universe manage to do that? Until now, theorists developed explanations relying on patching together different ideas for how matter in galaxies gets crammed into the innermost one millionth of a galaxy’s size.” In the above video, you will be able to see a supermassive black hole at the center of a galaxy called NGC 1566 and how all of the gas is consumed by the massive structure.
“Our simulations show that galaxy structures, such as spiral arms, use gravitational forces to ‘put the brakes on’ gas that would otherwise orbit galaxy centers forever. This braking mechanism enables the gas to instead fall into black holes”, said Faucher-Giguere.